The bulk of fundamental and applied research is carried out by establishments of higher education.
Polotsk State University does research in a number of scientific areas: construction, public utilities, chemistry and petrochemistry, mechanical engineering, IT, etc.
Vitebsk State Technological University focuses on light industry and mechanical engineering, and develops new equipment and materials, new technological processes.
Masherov Vitebsk State University runs a research program to enhance manufacturing efficiency in various sectors of economy, to ensure rational management of natural resources, improve the quality of the environment, promote progress in spiritual development of the society and successful development of education and culture.
Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical Universitydevelops new methods for the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of diseases, and also new medications.
Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine works on the improvement of breeds of cattle, reduction of costs in feed production, and prevention of diseases caused by immune deficiency.
The NASB Institute of Technical Acoustics is the regional leader in terms of the development of materials and technologies and their processing with concentrated energy flows (ultrasound, laser radiation, high-frequency electromagnetic fields, ionic-plasma streams, high-temperature synthesis). The institute has developed solutions in ceramic and composite materials, information technologies for engineering and other industries.
The NASB Vitebsk State Agricultural Experimental Station works to enhance the quality of forage, carries out primary seed growing and breeding of zoned and promising grain varieties, legumes, potatoes, flax, and perennial grasses, and helps them reach commercial use.
The Vitebsk regional social and economic research center “Research Institute of Economy at the Economy Ministry of the Republic of Belarus” is engaged in analysis, forecasting and strategic planning, provides consulting support to the regional economy.